Sophocles Antigone - Sophocles Feb 19, 2019


Sophocles, one of the most influential writers of Ancient Greece
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Antigone is another important play, written by Sophocles and a good example, for his modern techniques. The theoretical essence of the play is the conflict between individual conscience and the power of the state.

The tragedy was written somewhere around 442 BC. Chronologically, it is the third of the three Theban plays, but was the first to be written. The play continues Aeschylus' play Seven Against Thebes, and it extends the Theban legend that predated it.

Polyneices and Eteocles, were two brothers, leading opposite sides in Thebes' civil war.

They both are killed in battle. Creon, the new ruler of Thebes, declares that Eteocles is the one to be honored and Polyneices disgraced. The punishment is that Polyneicesí body will not be sanctified by holy rites, and will be let unburied, on the battlefield. Antigone and Ismene, the sisters of the dead brothers, are also the last children of the bad-fated Oedipus. Antigone is the result of the accidentally incestuous marriage between King Oedipus of Thebes and his mother Jocasta.

The play opens with Antigone trying to convince her sister, during a secret meeting, to help her bury Polyneices' body, transgressing Creon's edict. But Ismene, too scared of death penalty, refuses to help her sister and can not convince Antigone to let go her plan. So, Antigone tries to bury her brother, but she is caught. Creon sentences her to be buried alive, and these even though she is betrothed to his son, Haemon.
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Antigone - Sophocles



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